Variety of athletics in Paralympic Tokyo 2020
Recently, You might have heard the good news from the Thai athletes in the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games about their victory by receiving 9 medals from the athletics race. ; therefore, we would like to illuminate about athletics in the Paralympics game.
There are six classifications in paralympic athletics, and each class divides into two types which are track (T) and field (F)
Category 1 vision impairment (T/F11-T/F13)or visually impaired is further subdivided into 3 types according to their ability to see.
Category 2 INTELLECTUAL IMPAIRMENT (T20/F20)There will be competitions in both running and throwing formats.
Category 3 COORDINATION IMPAIRMENTS (F31, T32/F32-T38/F38) such as those with cerebral palsy Palsy or people with traumatic brain injury This class will compete in the form of throwing long jump or running.
Category 4 SHORT STATURE (T40/F40, T41/F41) or short stature, divided into 2 types according to athlete’s height and proportion of their arms.
Category 5 LIMB DEFICIENCIES (T42/F42 – T46/F46, T47; T/F61-64) or those who have limb amputation both from surgery and congenital deficiency. There will be competitions in the form of throwing weights, high jumps, and running, and in this class, prosthetic legs or prosthetic arms are also used as an essential part.
CLASS 6 IMPAIRED MUSCLE POWER OR IMPAIRED RANGE OF MOVEMENT (T51-54; F51-57) or those with muscle weakness or limited mobility Athletes in this class will compete in wheelchairs such as Wheelchair racing or sitting on a specific chair for competitions in throwing chair competitions are categorized according to the ability of the muscles in each area to be used differently.
Source : International Paralympic committee
How could I write an email to my lecturer ?
Some students of SSPO may never send an email to anyone before and feeling afraid how could I write an email to my lecturer?
Here we have a sample of easy email format for you.
1. Use student email to contact your teacher or school (Email: @email@example.com)
2. Don’t forget the email topic!
3. Introducing yourself with your name and student ID or with additional details such as you are student of the class SIPOxxx or you are his/her student advisor.
4. The purpose of writing this email. For example, I’m contacting to meet you for the research topic. I’m not sure if you will be available on date xxxx time xxxx.
5. Best Regards with your name at the end
6. If you have an attachment, don’t forget to attach it.
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As we have already mentioned the importance of Physics to the Prosthetics and Orthotics (P&O), today, let’s give you an idea of the Biomechanics to the P&O studies.
Biomechanics is one of the applied sciences in Biophysics that studies force and its effect on living beings. Biomechanics scientific principle has utilized in expansive professional practices, e.g., medicine, engineering, sport, rehabilitation including P&O, etc.
Biomechanics in P&O focuses on studying the efficiency of the external device to the patient in both clinical practice and research development.
As there are many sub-disciplines in Biomechanics, the most account in P&O is the study of the movement of definite objects (Rigid body) or ‘our body’.
Prosthetists and Orthotists must study a variety of biomechanics sub-topics such as Gait biomechanics, Spine biomechanics, Muscle biomechanics, especially the biomechanics for each prosthesis and orthosis device.
In 2018, there was a report about the first person who lives with the trial of the mind-controlled prosthetic arm developed by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. It is a mechanical arm that can control movement through thought which will respond to various controls. This prosthetic arm is attached to a surgically implanted metal piece into the user’s humerus. Its responsiveness is close to the true-to-life human arm; however, there are also disadvantages in that the operator of the prosthetic arm must not come into contact with water and must not drive. Technology nowadays can take prostheses far beyond what we can imagine. Although they are still in the experimental stage, we hope to see more of these devices to help all people with disabilities return to life functioning correctly and live happily.
According to the rapid growth of Thailand’s population, the way of people’s life has changed a lot and it does increase the chance of happening to impaired physical mobility. The causes of impaired physical mobility majorly from an accident from living or from work, and others such as heredity, gene or chromosome abnormalities, surround environment, chemicals, pharmacy, disease, malnutrition, abortion, and more possibilities. Therefore, rehabilitation to support persons with disability for helping themselves and being able to work becomes the need for those persons with disability, their families, society, and the nation.
Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, sees the importance of the prosthetist and orthotist profession, therefore, established a Bachelor of Science Program in Prosthetics and Orthotics, with a kindness of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn giving a permission to name the school “Sirindhorn School of Prosthetics and Orthotics (SSPO)” which has brought the greatest appreciation to the faculty.
From the post, the left picture is an old building that our first batch of students used to study. The right picture is the current building of SSPO which is a fully separate building with 3 floors divided into different zones for teaching, research and patient service area.